Willow Oak

Quercus phellos

A relatively large tree growing often in excess of 80′ tall with a spherical crown.

Leaves: simple, alternate, deciduous, 2″ to 5″ long, 1/2″ to 1″ wide, light green and glabrous above, paler beneath, sometimes wavy, apex, acute, irregularly lobed.

Flowers: Unisexual, hairy catkins, borne on slender stalks, 2″ to 3″, the pistillate flowers, solitary or in pairs, short stalked.

Fruit: An acorn, 1/2″ long, bluntly pointed at the apex, yellowish brown, saucer shaped.

Twigs: Slender, red-brown, glabrous, dark lenticels, terminal buds, about 1/8″ long, acute lateral buds, leaf scars and pith.

Bark: Smooth and gray at first, becoming gray-black and turning rough, scaly ridges separated by irregular fissures.

Comments: An excellent and wide spread ornamental, frequently found in lowlands and along the borders of swamps and rivers, but often on rich sandy uplands.

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