A large tree growing 100′ or taller, open spreading crown.
Leaves: deciduous, alternate, simple, dark green, smooth and shiny on top, paler beneath, turning red in the fall.
Flowers: Spring, male catkins 5 to 7″ in length, female in short spikes.
Fruit: singly or pairs, nut about 1″ long.
Twigs: smooth, slender to thick, gray to reddish brown.
Bark: light brown to gray or black, smooth at first, developing into tight furrows.
Comments: Good fall color, wildlife, good shade tree, prefers acidic to mildly alkaline soils.