Usually reaches 60′ to 70′ can reach 160′, broadly rounded crown open at the top.
Leaves: deciduous, compound, alternate 12-20″ long with 9-17 leaflets 3-8″ long and 1-2″ wide. Hairy and smooth on top and dark yellow green slightly paler beneath.
Flowers: male and female flowers separate on the same tree.
Fruit: Large, hard-shelled nut, Ripening in the fall in clusters of 3-11.
Twigs: Stout reddish brown and hairy, terminal bud almost 1/2 long, pointed and flattened at the tip.
Bark: thick, light brown to reddish brown, with narrow irregular fissures, flattened and scaly.
Comments: Texas state tree, native is best shade tree, wildlife, long lived with a taproot.